Deforestation has a negative impact on the planet’s atmosphere. 15% of greenhouse gases are down to this harmful activity.
Let’s take a look at the countries most affected by deforestation…
The Amazon is home to the largest number of different species of trees in the world. Its biodiversity could be reduced by nearly 57% if the current rate of deforestation continues. Since 2004 measures have been put in place by the government to reduce the numbers of trees cut down but recently has seen a slight upward spike. A large majority of the Amazon runs through Brazil so it’s vital government bodies and campaigners fight against this recent upsurge. Corruption and illegal logging are factors to take into account as these effect efficient implementation of restrictions.
Second to Brazil, Peru has the largest other part of the Amazon running through it. The main issue is down to 80% of Peru’s deforestation comes from illegal activity. The government is working on stopping this but progress is slow. A massive problem Peru faces is the fact that its economy relies on natural resources which has huge implications for the Amazon.
The huge soya industry equates for a large part of Bolivia’s deforestation problem. The government won’t risk the country’s food security by taking measures against the industry. Cattle ranching also is a big problem for the same food security issues.
The palm oil industry has taken its toll on Indonesia. Rainforests and peat wetlands have really struggled during the last 30 years. Over 5 thousand square miles are cut down each year to supply palm oil demands. There are plans afoot by the government to reduce their deforestation dramatically.
Russia’s forests are the largest on the planet. A mighty 25% of the world’s untouched forests are located in Russia. 70% of the world’s boreal forests are also in Russia. Sadly, these forests are at a high risk of fire with over two thousand miles of woodland lost each year. Increased human population is making the risk higher. Lucky the government is highly committed to protecting their precious forests.
Mexico’s huge agricultural network is unfortunately responsible for the loss of vital tropical forests. The avocado industry is reeking havoc, thinning out the pine forests creating harmful effects on the atmosphere and wildlife. Monarch butterfly have massively decreased because of the appetite for avocados.
Papua New Guinea
Logging and palm oil industries are taking nearly a thousand miles of trees each year. 70% of the county is covered covered in forest which helps the atmosphere and wildlife habitat. Areas of the land are now finally being protected by the government.
Sudan has a beautiful landscape covered in forest. Over 30% of the land is luscious greenery. At the moment, 500 miles of trees are cut down for cooking and heating. Large commercial companies which generate steam and electricity are also tapping into biodiverse landscape.
Nigeria was once a vast land covered in forest. Today there is only around 6% left due to use of wood for human livelihood. The rates at which Nigeria is losing it forest is one of the highest in the world.