What is the food that you should give your dog? Is it bad for them to eat human food? How is a balanced diet in a dog?
We tell you how you should feed it so that it stays healthy and in good shape.
The dog is an omnivorous animal, a word that comes from Latin (Omnis, todo; vorare, eat) and which gives us to understand that dogs have a varied diet. However, we must not understand that what can dog eat because there are some elements of the human being’s diet, also omnivorous, that harm the dog’s body in some cases seriously.
What does the dog eat? Beneficial foods for the dog
Dogs have been with humans for just 30,000 years, which means that they have not had much time, evolutionarily speaking, to modify and adapt their stomach to human food. It must be taken into account that the digestive system of a dog is prepared to digest raw food and has a high capacity to assimilate bacteria.
Their teeth are also adapted to hunting prey, with teeth that tear the flesh and molars that, aided by the force of their bite, can even crush some bones that are also part of their diet.
In nature, a dog feeds mainly on meat, it is its greatest source of energy and protein supply. But it also complements this food with fruits, vegetables or fish. Although we are talking about a hunting animal, the dog has no problem when it comes to eating food found by chance on its way.
A companion, work or home dog has the same nutritional needs as a wild or wild dog and for that reason we must look for the most balanced diet to cover them, to avoid deficiencies that can lead to health problems, fur, allergies, etc.
It is inevitable to start from the origin, the wolf, because the nutritional evolution of the dog is one of the several differences that the company of the human being has caused in the biology of dogs. The wolf is mainly carnivorous, including fish in the usual meats, although it can also complete its diet with some fruit or wild herbs.
Being a hunting animal, most of the meat it eats is fresh and it hardly wastes remains of the prey, as it is capable of digesting bones and hooves.
Today’s dogs have the ability to digest starch, something that wolves cannot do; however, clinical experience in recent years has shown digestive alterations to a greater extent in dogs whose diet includes some type of cereal. Perhaps that was the moment when the dog’s diet began to differ from that of the wolf.
There are a number of basic elements in animal nutrition, in this case not only that of dogs, which must be present in their proper proportion to balance the diet.
In any case, it is always advisable to go to the vet to see what the best diet for our dog is.