Around the world, we are celebrating the young people who are stepping up and advocating for the world they want to live in. From Greta Thurnburg to Mari Copeny, eyes are on young people. And while this recent resurgence of youth activism is encouraging and inspires optimism for our collective future, it is critical to point out that if we want a better democracy, we need all young people, not just those with privilege, to be prepared for this kind of advocacy.
Civics education is sorely lacking in our schools — it’s taught less frequently, in lower quality, and in a less relevant way to students from communities of color, low income communities, and rural ones. It has been deprioritized compared to other subjects, underfunded, and when it is taught, it is frequently tailored to the experiences of white, middle-class students. So, how can we engage and support all young people to participate and guarantee a truly representative future in which all individuals and communities have their priorities reflected and needs met by government? We can start by asking them directly and listening. At Generation Citizen, we surveyed existing youth research and engaged in extensive conversations with over two dozen youth from some of America’s historically underserved communities to collect insights on their needs, aspirations and lived experiences — here is some of what we gathered.
Young people care deeply about many important social issues and don’t identify as “political.” They talk about critical issues like income inequality, access to healthcare, and police brutality and understand how deeply they affect their communities and in some cases their lives. They want to engage and take action to address these issues yet many do not interpret them as being political ones. Rather, the notion of politics resonates more as a system of oppression than an avenue for change, responsible for many of the issues they care about and the inequities they see around them. Young people in urban centers mentioned the lack of attention their government representatives are paying to the poor state of the buildings and streets in their neighborhoods. A number of young people across the country pointed to the current administration as driving fear for their families’ and neighbors’ security in the U.S.
Young people don’t always feel heard and respected by adults. We already knew that young people have meaningful opinions, experiences, and expertise to offer with the world. But we learned that many don’t have the space to share those opinions: the rooms they’re in are crowded with voices that are louder than their own and worse – they aren’t asked by adults, suggesting their views aren’t valued. “We all have ideas how things could be better in our school. We’re just waiting for someone to ask us. No one ever asks our opinion,” said one high school senior in Denver, Colorado. “Only my friends take me seriously.” On the flip side, when adults show they care, it is noticed, remembered, and impactful.
Young people want to vote. Their motivations range from the opportunity for expression, to a responsibility they have to uphold, but “yes” is the popular answer to the question “do you plan to vote?” Those affirmative responses, however, are often followed by questions like, “I have to register? What does that mean?” and “What are the roles and who are these people?” suggesting that it may take more to get them to the ballot box when they are ready.
The lives and realities of young people are unique and nuanced but these, and other, patterns we found in our conversations across the country have meaningful implications. These insights generate dozens of ideas for how we — educators, communities, policymakers — might be able to better support young people from historically underserved communities to build, believe in, and activate their civic power. These ideas include:
- Teachers inverting normal classroom dynamics where every few weeks students nominate the topics they want to learn about and vote on what gets taught in class.
- Communities creating a system for students to use volunteer hours as payment at local stores – think three hours of work on an urban farm as “payment” for a bike rental.
- Local legislators setting up “voting school buses” that provide voter registration, voter education, and candidate meet-and-greets for students during the year, and then take those eligible to the polls on election days.
It is time for America to rethink how we are preparing our young people for the advocacy and action necessary to improve their communities and the world.
We need to start prioritizing civics education in schools and to ensure that all students — not only those that are the most privileged — have opportunities to tell their stories, to see the relevance of what they’re learning, and to practice wielding influence. We need to listen to young people, especially those from historically underserved communities, to find ways to engage them that actually work. The expectations of civic leadership should not be reserved for those who come from communities that have historically had the most power and influence over our democracy, but rather prioritized for those who haven’t as we work towards a truly better and more representative future.