In the past, there was little to no understanding about what PTSD is and how to treat it. It was often ignored or labeled as cowardice. It is not until the late years of the 20th century that people started noticing this as a condition that was later treated with psychiatric medications, exposure therapy, and psychiatric sessions.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a type of anxiety disorder that can occur after being witnessing or being involved in traumatic events. Although we most frequently associate it with soldiers who returned from the war, there is a wide range of experiences that can cause it. Being in a car crash is one of them. Having a traumatic childbirth, being assaulted or raped, losing someone in disturbing circumstances, and surviving a terrorist attack can also be some of the causes of PTSD.
Fortunately, scientists have not given up on the search for more effective treatments, and in this article, we will explore them.
As we mentioned, this condition is caused by a traumatic event. Usually, the first symptoms appear one month after the event, but it can take up to one year for the first signs of the disorder to appear. The most frequent symptoms PTSD sufferers experience are insomnia, flashbacks, nightmares, irritability, anger, suicidal thoughts and thoughts about harming oneself.
The first time in history when something similar to PTSD was mentioned is when veterans who were returning from WWI experienced confusion, nightmares, and fatigue. They called it “shell shock”. PTSD was first recognized as a psychological and mental disability in 1980 by the American Psychiatric Association, and then, it only referred to veterans. It was not until the mid-‘90s when the definition was expanded to cover everyone who had experienced a traumatic event.
PTSD is often treated with psychiatric medicines, but there are other therapies that are usually used.
Awareness of this condition is growing, which brings to finding better ways to cope with PTSD.
There are multiple factors that can affect the results of various therapies. PTSD is, for example, often followed by other issues, such as alcoholism and relationship problems. If it is followed by a lack of support from the loved ones, it is even more difficult to overcome. One thing is clear. There is a need for new approaches that could bring some relief into the lives of the individuals who have suffered terrible traumas. The five we mentioned here should just be a start. What we as a society can do is to provide more understanding and support.