Young people with dark or black skin are at greater risk of sunburn than people with white skin as they are taking fewer precautions to protect them from sun damage.
AS Americans rush outside after winter to enjoy the sun many still don’t take the necessary precautions to protect themselves against sun damages such as premature wrinkles, age spots and cancer. It is no secret that overexposure to the sun considerably increases the risk of skin cancer. Although most people are aware of the sun dangers to the skin a study published in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association showed that young people with dark or black skin are exposed more than others to the risk of sunburn. For more info on wrinkles and how to remove them go to this website!
437 residents of the state of Florida were interviewed for the property in this study, which was conducted by Southeastern University. The results showed a clear correlation between a young age and severe sunburn: 18-29-year-olds are 15 times more likely to get sunburn due to exposure. Volunteers who do not consider themselves white are also more exposed.
“What worries us here is that participants whose skin is rich in melanin believe that they are naturally protected from sunburn, which is not true,” says Dr. Tracy Favreau, who signed the study. This is particularly worrying because melanoma is the most common form of cancer in young people – although it only accounts for 2% of skin cancers.
Not surprisingly, there are other factors involved, such as time spent outdoors during the day or the perception of protective methods. For example, people who are regularly examined by a dermatologist or who feel more exposed to skin cancer have a higher risk.
In the light of these results, the researchers consider it necessary to rethink the approach on how to prevent sunburns in young people. “We need a proposal that makes protection a attractive and rewards precautions. Just warning about risks has no effect,” says Sergey Arutyunyan, co-author of the study.
But this study also shows the limits of current approaches, which are based on the phototype of the population. There are six different Skin phototypes, corresponding to six skin types, eye and hair colors, explains the National Cancer Institute on its website. The lighter your phototype, the more you need to protect yourself from the sun. »
A statement that is certainly misunderstood: While a high phototype reduces the risk of sunburn, “no one is 100% safe from skin cancer,” INCa adds. No doubt it will be necessary to fight against preconceived ideas: many people still believe that tanned skin protects against sunburn.