Hiking is a sporting activity that involves climbing a mountain all the way from the bare ground level through bamboos and thickets to the top snow section. It is adventurous but can be very tedious if you do not prepare yourself well enough for the challenge. It is a risky sport, and some people have even died on their way up simply because they did not pay attention to a few basic hiking tips.
Basic hiking tips will help you to avoid such deaths and accidents that come with mountain climbing while leaving the whole adventure fun and memorable.
Below are the basic hiking tips that you should always observe to ensure you and your friends experience the best hiking memory ever and stay safe while at it.
- Navigation system
A topographical map and a compass are the two essential components of a good navigation system. A topographical map is an essential tool along with camping knife that you should carry with you on any trip. It gives direction through footpaths and the topography of the landscape. A compass that contains a GPS location for navigation is ideal for leading the way. It helps to search the current location and how far you are from your destination
- Additional layer of clothing
Before you pack your clothes, ensure you are aware of the current weather conditions of the hiking area you plan to visit. Weather patterns are also likely to change especially when you are moving up the mountain. It is believed that the higher you go, the cooler it becomes. Carrying an extra pair of warm clothing will help you keep warm during the chilly, wet and windy conditions.
- Sun protection
Dark glassier sunglasses are unavoidable if you have to protect yourself from UVA rays from the sun. Carry a pair with you. Sunscreen with an SPF of 30 is ideal to protect you from both UVA and UVB rays that cause sunburns on the face, neck, and body. Reapply after every 2 hours for maximum protection.
- Enough lighting
Headlamps provide the best choice for lighting. They are lightweight and small, therefore easy to carry around. They also have the longest battery life. This enables them to have a strobe mode which is ideal during emergencies.
Every member of the hiking tip is also encouraged to have their flashlights or portable lanterns. These cast powerful light beams that are useful during emergencies. It is important to carry extra spare batteries in case the old ones wear off.
- Sources of fire
Matches are good sources to create up a fire in case the campsite gets too cold. You can light up a fire and warm up yourselves during stop-ups. Store your matches in a waterproof container to ensure they are kept dry. Wet matches cannot light up a fire. Fire starters are also valuable. They help you jump-start a fire in an easy and quick way.
- Extra food and water
Pack a few extra foods in containers to serve you during a cold night. Energy bars, nuts or dried nuts are a great deal. Avoid packing cooked foods as they can damage easily resulting in food poison.
Carry at least one bottle of water and a chemical treatment or purifier in case you come across a water reservoir. This will help treat the water and ensure it is safe for drinking in case your bottled water is used up.
The above safety hiking tips are essential for anyone who is considering hiking a mountain with friends or even alone. They will ensure that you get to have a safe journey up the mountain full of adventure. So why not adopt such simple tips for a more thrilling life experience!