The medina of Tetouan :
The old medina of Tetouan is full of history that reflects the influence of Spain in the northern region. It was built in the 8th century and served as the main junction between Morocco and Andalusia.
Its unique Andalusian architecture, which has been unaffected by outside influences until today, witnesses the presence of Spanish civilization during the late medieval period of the Muslim West.
In 1997, the medina of Tetouan was officially classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Kasbah of Ait Benhaddou :
The Kasbah of Aït Benhaddou has been built in the 11th century as it served as a trading post on the trade route that connected ancient Sudan to Marrakech.
Based in the province of Ouarzazate, the Kasbah of Aït Benhaddou offers a beautiful panorama view of the ancient architecture of the 11th century.
This architectural gem has served as the setting for many movies such as the Mummy, Lawrence of Arabia, and the Gladiator. It was officially declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987.
The old city of Meknes :
The old city of Meknes was founded in the fourth century by the Almoravids as a military settlement, the origin of its name is linked to the great Berber tribe Meknassa “warrior” who dominated eastern Morocco.
The city of Meknes was the capital of the kingdom under the reign of Moulay Ismail (1672 -1727) and the first major work of the Alaouite dynasty.
Its popularity is reflected in its Hispano-Moorish architecture, which contains rare vestiges and remarkable monuments in the middle of a rapidly changing urban space. The old city of Meknes was officially recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.
The medina of Marrakech :
Marrakech is full of history, architectural sites, and artistic wonders. It has for many years been a political, economic, and cultural center of the Muslim West.
Founded in 1070-1072, it was the capital of the Almoravids and Almohads. Its medina is dominated by large houses and is decorated with numerous mosques.
This city that never ceases to amaze its visitors was officially classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.
The medina of Fes :
The city of Fes was built in the 9th century, its medina shows the first centuries of the Islamization of Morocco, with a remarkable architecture composed of Medersas, Souks, tombs, and mosques.
The old city of Fes was the first site in Morocco to be declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The site of Volubilis :
The site of Volubilis was established in the third century BC by the Romans with the object of creating a headquarters to control North Africa.
With a surface area of 42 hectares, the site contains exceptional vestiges such as forums, baths, capitol, and shopping streets. Also, it is an example that reflects the exchange of influences from High Antiquity to the arrival of Islam.
Part of the Volubilis site was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997 and the entire 42 hectares were declared in 2008.
The medina of Essaouira, ancient Mogador :
The city of Essaouira witnessed the European presence in Morocco during the late seventeenth century. Its medina was designed by a French architect and represents a mix between the Western military architecture and the precepts of Arab-Muslim urban planning.
The world value of this port city is based on its urbanism and European architecture. The medina of Essaouira was officially registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001
The ancient city of El Jadida :
The city of El Jadida also known as Mazagan was built by the Portuguese as a fortified colony on the Atlantic coast in 1542 before becoming a Moroccan city again in 1769.
The architecture of Mazagan reflects the influence of the European and the Moroccan culture of the time. It was one of the first colonies in West Africa of the Portuguese explorers. It was officially recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004.
The city of Rabat :
The city of Rabat is a true testimony of Arab-Islamic heritage and Western modernism. It shows the modernist values of urban planning and architecture in the context of the Maghreb.
The city of Rabat is also the site of rare vestiges and remarkable monuments that reflect various historical periods. It was officially listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2012.
Travelling in Morocco soon ? don’t forget to visit these historical sites that are delcared by UNESCO as world’s heritage sites.