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IB Theory Of Knowledge: What It Is And How It Leads To Critical Thinking?

The IB Diploma Programme stands out after the curriculum is the Theory of Knowledge (TOK). The subject, like Extended Essay, is compulsory for all students, and if executed well, it can go a long way in giving students a strong chance of gaining a lot of knowledge. TOK encourages critical thinking among students and helps […]

The IB Diploma Programme stands out after the curriculum is the Theory of Knowledge (TOK). The subject, like Extended Essay, is compulsory for all students, and if executed well, it can go a long way in giving students a strong chance of gaining a lot of knowledge.

TOK encourages critical thinking among students and helps them make sense of what they encounter. The three key points of TOK are:

  • Students engagement in the process of inquiry
  • Deep understanding of knowledge by exchanging ideas with other students
  • Reflection on the construction of meaning that is knowledge

Activities and discussions during the TOK class aim to help students discover and express their views on different issues. It encourages students to share ideas and gain confidence. In this process, their thinking and understanding as a human construction are enriched.

Theory of Knowledge compels students to ask specific basic questions about knowledge:

  • what counts as knowledge
  • who owns knowledge
  • how does it grow
  • what are its limits
  • what is the value of knowledge and
  • what are the implications of not having or having knowledge

The level of metacognitive generality on which the TOK works is what differentiates it from other subjects in IB. For instance, any other subject like maths or science develops a relevant subject awareness and skills in application to the subject matter.

TOK is only focused on how knowledge is gained, and student’s role in methods of gaining knowledge and the result.

TOK seeks to raise awareness about how the knowledge is alive with issues for exploration and built up- by people asking questions and finding solutions. The course also focuses on encouraging the students to understand the multiple perspectives that different groups have and form an opinion.

The main objective of TOK is to help students make connections between academic disciplines and between their feelings, thoughts, and actions.  

Theory of Knowledge plays a vital role in shaping the thought-process and decision-making capabilities of students and helps them in applying that knowledge with greater awareness and credibility. The subject substantiates the IB curriculum claim to make its students knowledgeable. 

One of the best IB schools which are implementing TOK in the right manner is Mount Litera School International (MLSI). They also offer IB program scholarships to deserving students.

The schools focus on the holistic development of students and to achieve the same; they engage students in various activities like robotics, pottery, digital arts, taekwondo, badminton, table tennis, and many more. The distinct method of teaching makes the school one of the best international schools in Mumbai.

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