DIYs are the best, especially when you think about how much money you get to save. Buying secondhand furniture is a good tactic when what you’re looking for is the easiest way to fill your space.
However, it is not rare that some of this secondhand wooden furniture come looking like they need a little brightening up or refinishing.
To help you out, this article will show you a step-by-step guide on how to refinish wooden furniture.
To carry out an effective furniture-refurnishing project, you need the right tools & materials such as sanding machine, chemicals, stain remover etc. and a great deal of patience.
Doing the project on the weekend will afford you ample time and space. However, you must neither be in a rush nor be carried away.
It is vital that you follow the following steps so that you can get the best result.
This is the very first step in refinishing a piece of wooden furniture. Of course, this step is important because this way, the old finish will not affect the new one.
Besides, it provides a good foundation for the application of the new finish. There are two methods of removing old polish: the chemical stripping method and the sanding method.
Concerning peeling off paints from wooden furniture, chemical strippers are the most effective. It is recommended that you buy the right tools and safety equipment (rubber gloves, dust mask, steel wool, chemical wood stain and finish stripper, putty knife and eye protection).
Make sure your paint stripper is as thick as a gel; however, an aerosol spray will do if the project is a small one. Remember, chemicals are harmful, as such use a well-ventilated space.
This method is necessary even when chemical stripping has already been done. You would need the same set of supplies used for the chemical stripping with the addition of palm sander, sand block or sandpaper. This is a very important step and the outcome of your work depends on it.
Sand with care and do it in the very same direction as the grain, not against it. The palm sander will help remove the finish. After this, repeat the first step until the bare wood is noticeable. To get rid of unwanted stains, use the palm sanders again.
While furniture with an open grain will not require this step, furniture with tight and closed grain will. The supplies needed include a putty knife or scraper tool, wood filler and a stiff paintbrush. To fill the grain, apply the filler into the grain using the stiff paint brush.
Scrape off excess filler using a putty knife. When the filler dries, sand the furniture lightly, but make sure the filler dries entirely first.
Also, choosing the right filler as well as the right figment for the filler is important. Choose a color that is opposite to the color of the wood; it will help define and emphasize the grain.
This step too is optional. It is, however, important because it enables the wood to take in the stain evenly. Sandpaper, sanding sealer and clean rag are the necessary supplies for this step.
To perform, start by applying a sanding sealer to the wood and wait for it to soak in. Use the rag to clean off excess sealer, and allow to dry before sanding the surface so you get an even application.
There are different kinds of stains, the oil-based stain, the water-based stain, gel stain and then the one-step stain. The supplies needed are paint brush and a clean cloth. To apply stain on the wood, start by rubbing a generous amount of stain using the paint brush.
With the clean cloth, wipe excesses off, then rub more stain on the wood surface. Make sure to follow all the manufacturer’s instructions and recommendations.
There are many factors to put in mind when thinking of what clear coat or finish you should use on the wood. First, what look are you aiming for? For how long would you like it to last? How do you intend to use the furniture?
You should consider all these factors before you apply the finish. Clear coat and sandpaper are all you need for this step. To do this step, rub a layer of coat on the wood then sand lightly. After this, apply another layer of finish. It’ll take 24 hours for the wood to be ready.
The thing about DIYs is that you don’t have to be a pro before you effectively carry out a project like this one. All you need to do is follow this step-by-step guide, and you’ll be fine.