German Shepherds are one of the most recognizable breeds in the world. They have a muscular and attentive appearance and a noble and aloof demeanor. They are agile and well-balanced dogs with a proud bearing. Their coat can be of various colors (consult the breed standard) and they consist of a hard, rough and straight upper coat and a thick lower coat. The ideal height of the adult male is 63 cm and that of the female, 58 cm. The weight can be between 30 and 36 kg.
How many kinds of German shepherd are there?
Actually, the official organizations that determine the standards of dog breeds only differentiate two kinds of German shepherd: the German short-haired shepherd and the long-haired German shepherd. Thus, these are the only officially accepted German Shepherds. However, within these groups, we find different types of German shepherd in terms of the color of their coat:
- Black german shepherd
- Sable german shepherd
- German shepherd panda
- White german shepherd
It should be noted that the White German Shepherd variety is not accepted by organizations, such as the FCI. Likewise, although many are those that include within the types of German shepherd the Belgian shepherd or the Czechoslovakian wolfdog, the truth is that they constitute independent breeds.
Physical characteristics of the German Shepherd
Its beautiful appearance, its incomparable character and its great intelligence, have made the German Shepherd to be the most popular dog of all time.
The wide, wedge-shaped head of the German Shepherd is its distinctive feature and the one that attracts the most attention. In the upper part of it are implanted medium-sized, erect and pointed ears, which give this dog a wolfish appearance. The eyes, arranged obliquely on the skull, express security and confidence, and should be the darkest possible color.
The powerful teeth, which must be strong, healthy and complete (42 teeth), allow the German Shepherd a strong scissor bite. When properly trained, these dogs have a firm and secure bite.
The body of the German Shepherd Dog is longer than it is tall and the top line is sloping, descending slightly from a raised withers to a rump that is lower. The back is broad and muscular, and the rump is long and slightly sloping. The chest, which is moderately broad, has a depth that varies between 45 and 48% of the height at the withers, and an elongated and very noticeable sternum.
The tail is long, reaching at least the hock when hanging at rest. However, it must not exceed the middle of the metatarsal. The German Shepherd wears it dangling when at rest, and raised when active, but never carries it above horizontal.
Fur has long been a cause of controversy, as there are three varieties. However, according to the official German Shepherd standard, the correct coat corresponds to a double coat with undercoat. The outer coat should be as dense as possible, straight, hard and well attached to the body. The length of the coat varies slightly in different parts of the body, but the German Shepherd is not a long-haired dog.